Soal dan Pembahasan Bab 8 Passive Voice – Bahasa Inggris SMP 3

Soal dan Pembahasan Bab 8 Passive Voice – Bahasa Inggris SMP 3

#Soal 1

New products … in the electronic exhibition in Jakarta Expo Centre a week ago.
a. display
b. was displaying
c. displayed
d. were displayed

Pembahasan:
Kalimat di atas adalah kalimat pasif yang menggunakan past tense sehingga kata kerja pasifnya yang paling tepat adalah were displayed.
Jawab: d

#Soal 2
We cannot swim in the swimming pool now, because it … now.
a. cleans
b. is cleaning
c. is being cleaned
d. has been cleaning

Pembahasan:
Kalimat di atas menggunakan present continuous tense sehingga apabila diganti men­jadi kalimat pasif harus tetap memakai kata kerja present continuous yang pasif. Kali­mat selengkapnya akan menjadi We cannot swim in the swimming pool now, because it is being cleaned.
Jawab: c

#Soal 3
Geologists have explained the cause of earthquakes in terms of a theory… as plate tec­tonics.
a. known
b. which knows
c. that known
d. knowing

Pembahasan:
Kalimat di atas menggunakan present perfect tense sehingga kalimat pasifnya juga menggunakan tenses yang sama. Jawaban yang paling tepat adalah known (diperpendek dari bentuk which is known: yang dikenal)
Jawab: a

#Soal 4
Johan : What time will the delayed plane depart?
Yudi : They say that it … soon.
a. will announce
b. will be announced
c. is to announced
d. announces

Pembahasan:
Percakapan di atas menggunakan future tense sehingga bentuk pasifnya juga menggu­nakan tenses yang sama. Pada percakapan di atas Yudi akan mengatakan They say that it will be announced soon.
Jawab: b

#Soal 5
Mr Johnson : I’d like to reserve a single room for next week, please.
Receptionist : I’m sorry, Sir. Our hotel …until the end of this month.
a. It is fully booked
b. will book
c. is fully booked
d. we booked

Pembahasan:
Pada percakapan di atas Mr Johnson memesan kamar hotel untuk minggu depan, na­mun sampai akhir bulan hotel telah penuh. Percakapan tersebut menggunakan future tense sehingga receptionist juga akan memakai future tense untuk mengatakan Our hotel is fully booked until the end of this month.
Jawaban: c

#Soal 6
Julia rescued three cats.
The passive voice form of the sentence above is …
a. Three cats were rescued.
b. Three cats was rescued.
c. Three cats have been rescued.
d. Three cats had been rescued.

Pembahasan:
Kalimat itu berbentu past simple sehingga passive voice-nya juga dalam bentuk simple past. Jawaban yang paling tepat adalah Three cats were rescued.
Jawaban: a

#Soal 7
The students handed in the reports. The reports … by the students.
a. was handed
b. have been handed
c. will be handed
d. were handed

Pembahasan:
Kalimat di atas menggunakan past tense sehingga kata kerja pasifnya juga menggunakan past tense. Kalimat di atas selengkapnya akan menjadi The reports were handed by the students.
Jawaban: d

#Soal 9
This street … because of snow.
a. has already been closed
b. has closed already
c. has to close
d. been closed

Pembahasan:
Kalimat di atas menggunakan present perfect tense sehingga ketika dibuat negatif tetap
menggunakan present perfect tense. Kalimat selengkapnya akan menjadi This street
has already been closed because of snow.
Jawaban: a

#Soal 10
German … in Austria.
a. spoken
b. was spoken
c. is spoken
d. speak

Pembahasan
Bahasa Jerman digunakan (is spoken) in Austria.
Jawaban: b

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